myChart login

Neurosciences & Stroke

Share/Save/Bookmark
Decrease (-) Restore Default Increase (+)

Stroke Risk Assessment

Stroke Assessment

Sometimes referred to as a “brain attack,” a stroke is a sudden interruption of blood flow to an area of the brain. This interruption causes brain cells to die and results in brain damage.

Did you know that 80% of strokes are preventable?

To lower your risk for a first stroke, follow these guidelines from the National Stroke Association:

  • Know your blood pressure and work with your doctor to prevent or reduce high blood pressure.
  • Find out if you have atrial fibrillation.
  • If you smoke, take steps to quit.
  • If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
  • If you have diabetes, work with your doctor to find the right medication, and make lifestyle changes.
  • Include exercise in the activities you enjoy in your daily routine.
  • Find out if you have high cholesterol.
  • Enjoy a lower sodium (salt), lower fat diet.
  • Ask your doctor if you have circulation problems.

Learn to recognize the symptoms of stroke and act F.A.S.T.

Symptoms of Stroke:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden difficulty seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

Use the acronym F.A.S.T. to remember:

F – FACE – Ask the person to smile. Does their face droop down on one side or look uneven?
A – ARM – Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S – SPEECH – Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase such as “the sky is blue.” Do the words sound strange or slurred?
T – TIME – Time is critical. If you notice any of the symptoms of stroke, call 911 immediately.

Stroke Assessment 2

Stroke Risk Assessment Scorecard

Stroke Assessment 2

RISK FACTORS

Blood Pressure

HIGH RISK

140/90 & Higher
or Don't Know

CAUTION

120-139 / 80-89

LOW RISK

Less then 120/80

Cholesterol Greater than 240
or don’t know
200 - 239 Less than 200
Diabetes Yes Borderline No
Smoking Yes Trying to Quit No
Atrial Fibrillation Irregular heartbeat Don’t know Heartbeat not irregular
Weight Overweight Slightly overweight Healthy weight
Exercise Sedentary Exercise sometimes Exercise regularly
Family history of stroke Yes Not sure No
YOUR SCORE A score of 3 or more in this column means that you are at High Risk for having a stroke. See your doctor about stroke prevention right away. If your Caution number is 4 to 6, work with your doctor to decrease those risk factors you can change. If your Low Risk score is 6 to 8, congratulations! You're doing very well at controlling your risk for stroke!

 

 

 

© WakeMed Health & Hospitals, Raleigh, NC  |  919.350.8000  |